‘Star’ status and Merry Christmas!

After working with the National Citizen Service for another summer with The Challenge and re-connecting young people to Nature, Teratrees has been rated a STAR partner after excellent feedback!


STAR status!

We believe it is our relationship to Nature that counts. This is at the root of our environmental woes. 

As the last post for the year, we would also like to wish you a merry Christmas and a great festive season.  As a last thought for the year, we also ask you to think about what your relationship to Nature is, and what this means for how you will act in the world.

Best wishes.

Seeing with New Eyes

As humans continue to ‘eat away at our own life support systems‘ at a rate never seen before in the last 10,000 years, it appears we need to fundamentally change our perception of our place on this planet and and our relationship with living systems. This is not for some abstract cause, but for our own survival.

Putting out our recycling every Monday is not enough. Nor is a hopeful reliance on future technological fixes. We need to challenge current cultures, religions and perceptions of the “good life” with the human as number one who has a right to dominate all. This does not mean discarding all developed thought, but rather interpreting all in a wider context, a context that includes the Earth as the central participant. We need to contemplate our role and express this to our communities and leaders.

As Thomas Berry notes, ‘Our present situation is the consequence of a cultural fixation, an addiction, an emotional insensitivity, none of which can be remedied by any quickly contrived adjustment…The naive assumption that the natural world is there to be possessed and used by humans for their advantage an in an unlimited manner cannot be accepted. The Earth belongs to itself and to all the component members of the Earth community’.

We even need to challenge concepts such as sustainable development. For certain places on Earth there should be no development. Ironically here, our survival depends on holding ourselves back, and letting nature have space to do what it does best.

We will have to change our ways, or our ways will be changed for us, and the latter will be an experience far more painful.

For Teratrees, after one year of testing the market place in different ways, we believe we will be able to launch a product which will help communities green themselves. Watch this space 🙂

What is our relationship with other living things on this planet?

What is our relationship with other living things on this planet?

 

 

 

 

Dig Merton gets Digging!

A local initiative greening the Merton community, called Dig Merton, is also working with Teratrees. Several fruit trees were planted last month, namely apple, pear, plum and cherry trees. These were planted in a plot of vacant land in a residential area, made available after being bombed by the Germans in WWII.

Local groups and neighbours came out to plant fruit trees as part of Dig Merton

Local groups and neighbours came out to plant fruit trees as part of Dig Merton

The Dig Merton trees are now being offered on the Teratrees Market!

Fruit trees recently planted by Dig Merton

Fruit trees recently planted by Dig Merton

To own one of these trees on Teratrees:

  1. Register
  2. Click the Top-Up button and get some Teras!
  3. Click on the Market tab and buy one of the trees! (the ‘Planter’ column will detail ‘digmerton’)

Owning these trees means Dig Merton will be able to plant more with the money they receive.

Connecting the Community

Creating an online ecosystem means the interaction of different parties which can act in a mutually beneficial way. In the coming weeks Teratrees will be getting different institutions and organisations on board e.g. schools, councils, charities, landscapers, nurseries and businesses. This will set the scene for new interactions and will allow the opportunity for tree planting organisations to raise money by allowing their trees to be virtually owned, as well as the opportunity for the community and businesses to engage with the local environment. This will also be fun – and tree trading can be done by all.

Teratrees is also connecting with current organisations and is now a member of The Tree Council. The Tree Council is an umbrella body for all UK organisations involved in tree planting, care and conservation and was founded in 1974.

The Tree Council

The tree planting season has just begun with great gusto with National Tree Week! Further tree planting activities will be reported!

Also remember if you buy a potted Christmas tree from one of our partner nurseries for the festive season you can get this subsidised by trading it on Teratrees!

Happy trading and planting!

The Launch of Teratrees!

I am happy to write here this morning that Teratrees is now live !

This has been a lot of work but we are confident it is a great idea – an idea that helps us and the planet. So what’s it all about?

Well if you plant a tree it can be ‘owned’ by somebody else or by a company or organisation. This is a virtual ownership, but with a real financial transaction. You can then grow a garden in cyberspace and connect to real people and real trees. There is thus the opportunity to earn money or even make a profit if you are trading or offering your trees on the website. There is also a ranking system where you can appear on the home page – especially good for companies who wish to advertise their green credentials! And if you don’t have a yard or garden at home, then you can have your own one on Teratrees.

In summary, it is a symbiotic system between nurseries, gardeners, individuals and organisations that is going to green the world! We are launching in London with some local nurseries and garden centres – to see more details and to start growing your garden, go and register for free!

Trees

Wangari Maathai: A Green Vision within a Structure of Freedom

Wangari Maathai (Alan Dater and Lisa Merton)

With 7 billion humans on the planet it is easy to talk oneself into accepting one’s own perceived limitations along with the placing of governments, corporations and large institutions on a pedestal. However, some have seen the folly of this apathy and have come to realise themselves as agents of change. One such person, who died nearly 9 months ago, was Wangari Maathai.

A constant battle with President arap Moi. Moi was convicted of bribery in 2006

Born in a village in the highlands of Kenya in 1940, she studied well and ended up doing a masters in biology attained at the University of Pittsburgh which exposed her to the ideas of environmental restoration. Her education continued in anatomy in Germany and was completed at the University of Nairobi, where she was the first East African woman to receive a PhD. This was certainly an accomplishment in a male dominated culture, but there were further battles to be fought against President Daniel arap Moi when she campaigned for a parliamentary seat in 1982. She was denied her right to campaign on a technicality and ended up losing her university position and home.

Maathai and Senator Obama, Nairobi 2006. (Frederick Onyango)

This did not deter her, and she carried on working on her Green Belt Movement with a vision of greening Kenya as well as providing a source of employment for women. This was made possible through Norwegian funds from their Forestry Society and then eventually from UNEP, which allowed expansion beyond Kenya to form the Pan African Green Belt Network. Successful activism includes the prevention of a 60 story complex being built in Uhuru Park and the protection of Karura Forest, with further battles against Moi.

The movement, with its respect for the natural landscape and for individual freedoms, naturally progressed to a democratic movement which kept her continually in and out jail, along with hunger strikes and experiences of police brutality. She finally united the opposition to displace the corrupt government in 2002, and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004 for “contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace”. This was one person’s vision and determination.

Tending seedlings at the Tumutumu Hills nursery (Alan Dater and Lisa Merton)

The Green Belt Movement now has 3,987  supported community tree nurseries across Kenya which take care of more than 8 million indigenous seedlings annually for planting in degraded forest lands, private and public lands, sites of cultural significance and protected reserves. It has planted 47 million trees around Kenya.

“We cannot tire or give up. We owe it the present and future generations of all species to rise up and walk!” Wangari Maathai

Trees and Humans: Stories in Film and Literature

The tree is a powerful symbol in human consciousness and one that often manifests in our stories. There, they are often used in journeys or as a connection, as a source of wisdom or redemption, or a representation of the mystery and untamed in Nature.

The magic tree of Enid Blyton's enchanted forest

The magic tree of Enid Blyton’s enchanted forest

In Enid Blyton’s Faraway Tree series, a magical tree in an enchanted wood allows access to different lands, some pleasant and fun e.g. The Land of Birthdays, and others a nightmare for children e.g. The Land of Dame Slap, a horrid teacher. One must also return in time before the lands rotate, or else one waits another full rotation. Here the tree is similar to the conduit envisioned by shamans to access different worlds (The Meme of Trees), as well as there being a karmic concept of cycles, and consequence, if one stays too long in one land.

The Summer Tree

The Summer Tree, by Guy Gavriel Kay, is an important link between humans and nature

In The Fionavar Tapestry by Guy Gavriel Kay, the tree is a place of redemption and sacrifice, and one that can renew the spirit and allow contact with Nature. One who survives this sacrifice on the Summer Tree, the 3 days of being tormented by one’s self, without food or water, arises stronger, with powers and direct communication with the wildness of the land.

In Tolkien’s Middle-earth, trees, and especially forests, are embodiments of the mystery and power of Nature. Elves, who are more connected with natural magic, do not fear these ancient abodes and some make it their home. There are also Ents, tree-like creatures with a tonal language, having become the trees they herded. Large and incredibly strong, they protect the great forests and provide a face for Nature. The Ents, who are slow, but steady, have their anger roused by the deforestation by Saruman and the orcs, and wage war, showing a limit to their tolerance.

Tolkien’s Ents from Middle-earth

In M. Night Shyamalan’s The Happening (2008), people in cities and suburbia inexplicably fall dead leaving people fearful and confused. Terrorism is initially blamed, but the cause is traced to trees releasing a chemical in order to remove a threat (humans). Here, Nature is fighting back and this brings in similar concepts such as those mentioned in Lovelock’s Revenge of Gaia.

A scene from The Happening in Central Park

The Fountain (2006), by Darren Aronofsky, provides a surreal experience with the Tree of Life (inspired by the Kabbalah) an important symbol connecting the three periods (conquistador, the neuroscientist and the space traveller), as well as a paraphrase from Genesis 3:24, that eating from the Tree of Knowledge began human’s experience of duality and limitation.

The tree from Aronofsky’s The Fountain

In Terrence Malick’s visually stunning Tree of Life (2011), there are themes of existence and human suffering in a grand cosmology, while the large oak tree symbolizes connections between generations and the witnessing of family tragedy, while ever growing and being a source of life.

Malick’s Tree of Life: a source of life and connection, and continued existence

Even in ancient stories, The Epic of Gilgamesh, one of the earliest surviving works of literature from Mesopotamia, the hero has to overcome many obstacles, including a Great Flood, to reach a garden of jewel-laden trees where he leaves the physical world. In this ancient epic there is the same account of the flood myth as Genesis 6-8 as well as the account of Enkidu and Shamhat, similarly relating to Adam and Eve.

A tablet from the Epic of Gilgamesh, about 4000 years old

“The tree which moves some to tears of joy is in the eyes of others only a green thing that stands in the way. Some see nature all ridicule and deformity… and some scarce see nature at all. But to the eyes of the man of imagination, nature is imagination itself.”   William Blake

Creatures of the Forest

While we may consider that many trees make a forest, we should not forget that forests are ecosystems, and that there are many large and small players beneath the canopy. Interactions are too numerous to mention in detail and have evolved over millennia, but pictures can highlight some interesting characters.

The vast canopy, with a tributary of the Amazon

A jaguar having a scratch (Environmental Graffiti)

Emerald tree boa

Leafcutter ants

Howler monkey on a break (Environmental Graffiti)

Baby bear hanging on (Environmental Graffiti)

Tree frog (Ranitomeya summersi)

Baby 3-toed sloth (Environmental Graffiti)

Amazona oratrix

Amazon horned frog

The beady eyes of Tarsiers

Muliticolour treefrog (Ranitomeya benedicta)

Bengal Tiger

The well known anaconda

Amazon Morpho butterfly

A Home in the Trees

A refuge in the garden (source: treehouse company)

Climbing a tree is a universal joy while growing up and constructing a tree house is a further source of fun, especially as an exclusive meeting place barring adults. Schemes for alien defense, gender battles and plots for world domination are often hatched, until we are told to come down or grow up, or when such an abode no longer inspires our imagination.

Nutritious Sago grubs are a delicacy

However, there are some people who are never told to grow up and climb down, and for whom the tree is an endless source of joy, shelter and essential part of family life. These people are the Korowai and Kombai tribes who live in the dense forest of West Papua in Indonesia, and until 1975 had hardly any contact with the outside world. A large portion of their life is spent 20 to 40 metres above ground in tree houses, and on notable occasions eating the nutritious delicacies of sago grubs.

The tree houses are constructed relatively quickly and provide a good defense against warring tribes, floods and biting insects. The pig is the local currency and a sacred animal, while ritual cannabilism was apparently practiced more in the past. However, once dead, the Korowai believe their souls travel to the underworld along a ‘Major Causeway’ and are welcomed by their ancestors. After a while there they can choose to reincarnate back into a child that is about to be born.

Korowai tree house

Home, sweet home

Constructing a tree house is begun by choosing a sturdy Banyan tree and then removing the crown. Thinner poles provide the framework while the bark of the sago palm is used for the floor and walls, and leaves provide roofing. Similar to most cultures, marriage normally initiates a new house.

For these two tribes, the tree is far more than a provision of shade and beauty, but a home and a source of comfort. Contact has been growing with the outside world, but I imagine there would be some confusion when describing current rates of deforestation and the behaviour of more ‘civilised’ humans.

Vistas of the forest: an old Korowai tree house

The Art of Trees

Namibian rock art by San people, giraffes, hunters and a tree.
(http://donsmaps.com/africanart.html)

As we became more conscious of ourselves and the landscape we inhabited the tree played a part in our early art. This could be representing their form as a background to a story, as in hunting scenes by the San in Namibia or early Mesopotamians, or possible use as a marker by Australian aborigines to signify a sacred site. Representation over the years has been influenced by the tree’s innate symbolism (The Meme of Trees) as well as their natural beauty.

Early Mesopotamian hunting scene in the forest. Stone tablet (2250 – 2150 BC)

Aboriginal carvings most likely showing a sacred site in the area, New South Wales, Australia. (http://www.australiangeographic.com.au)

Drawing trees starts early for most of us…

We start building links to our environment at an early age and all of us would have drawn a tree at pre-school or while scribbling with crayons at home. Those who chose a life in art have given us a vision of trees in many different ways, and I shall be sharing some of them below.

View of la Crescenza, 1648-50. Claude Lorrain, oil on canvas.

With its disciplined simplicity, Japanese ink paintings have often provided scenes of contemplation and harmony. Persimmon Tree by Nakamura Hochu, early 19th century

The vivid colour of Vincent van Gogh. Peach Tree in Bloom, 1888.

Gustav Klimt’s Tree of Life, 1908. “Ornament to Klimt is a metaphor of matter itself in a state of perpetual mutation, ceaselessly evolving, turning, spiralling, undulating, twisting, a violent whirlwind that assumes all shapes, zigzags of lightning and flickering tongues of serpents, tangles of vines, links of chains, flowing veils, fragile threads.” – Ludwig Hevesi, art critic

An example of American impressionism. Golden Afternoon by Childe Hassam, 1908.

The Three Sphinxes of Bikini, 1947. The U.S. conducted 23 nuclear tests at Bikini Atoll after WWII. This inspired Salvador Dali’s ‘Les Trois Sphinx de Bikini’. Is it a tree, a human head or a mushroom cloud?